- (2005; 1st Edition)Advanced Pediatric Craniocervical SurgeryShow details
This text presents state-of-the-art techniques for surgery of the craniovertebral junction and cervical spine. It provides concise explanations of the underlying principles of each technique and insights into the unique issues in pediatric surgery. With this complete resource, you will gain the solid foundation in surgical concepts necessary to make critical clinical decisions as well as the technical knowledge and confidence to carry them out.
Detailed explanations illuminating the links between embryology and normal and abnormal development of the craniovertebral.
In-depth discussion of the issues and techniques involved in both atlantoaxial and occipitocervical surgery in children.
An entire chapter devoted to managing craniocervical conditions of patients with Down Syndrome.
An examination of traumatic injuries of the craniocervical junction in children.
More than 100 step-by-step illustrations demonstrating key surgical techniques.
This readily accessible text will be a valuable asset in the library of physicians managing and treating craniocervical conditions, from the most experienced pediatric neurosurgeon to residents in the early stages of their careers.
- (2002; 1st Edition)Advanced Techniques in Image-Guided Brain and Spine SurgeryShow details
- (2018; 2nd Edition)An Anatomic Approach to Minimally Invasive Spine SurgeryShow details
Learn state-of-the-art MIS techniques from master spine surgeons!
Significant advances have been made in minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgery approaches, techniques, and innovative technologies. By preserving normal anatomic integrity during spine surgery, MIS approaches enable spine surgeons to achieve improved patient outcomes, including faster return to normal active lifestyles and reduced revision rates. Exposing only the small portion of the spine responsible for symptoms via small ports or channels, requires a deep understanding of spinal anatomy and spinal pathophysiology. Building on the widely acclaimed first edition, An Anatomic Approach to Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery, Second Edition, provides an expanded foundation of knowledge to master minimally invasive spine surgery.
World-renowned spine neurosurgeons Mick Perez-Cruet, Richard Fessler, Michael Wang, and a cadre of highly regarded spine surgery experts provide masterful tutorials on an impressive array of cutting-edge technologies. Organized by seven sections and 51 chapters, the book presents a diverse spectrum of current safe and efficacious MIS procedures and future innovations. Nonsurgical approaches include injection-based spine procedures and stereotactic radiosurgery. Surgical technique chapters discuss MIS anterior, posterior, and lateral approaches to the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine, with procedures such as endoscopic microdiscectomy, vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty, percutaneous instrumentation, and robotic spine surgery.
Step-by-step illustrations, including more than 400 depictions by master surgical and anatomic illustrator Anthony Pazos portray the surgeon's-eye-view of anatomy, intraoperative images, and surgical instruments, thereby aiding in the understanding of anatomy and procedures
20 online videos feature real-time operative fluoroscopy, pertinent anatomy, operative set-up, and common cervical, thoracic, and lumbar approaches
Discussion of novel MIS techniques reflected in 16 new or expanded chapters, including Robotic Assisted Thoracic Spine Surgery and Stem-Cell Based Intervertebral Disc Restoration
There is truly no better clinical reward for spine surgeons than giving patients suffering from debilitating spinal disorders their life back. This quintessential MIS surgery resource will help surgeons and clinicians accomplish that goal.
- (2016; 2nd Edition)Atlas of Neurosurgical Techniques: Spine and Peripheral NervesShow details
Originally published in 2006, the second edition of this award-winning neurosurgical atlas is written by a notable cadre of world-renowned spine surgeons. Reflecting the enormous depth and breadth of spine surgery, this volume has been completely updated with current, state-of-the-art surgical methodologies and minimally invasive options. Pathologies include degenerative changes, congenital abnormalities, rheumatic diseases, tumors, and trauma.
The authors have divided the book into six consistent sections: occipital-cervical, midcervical spine, cervicothoracic junction, thoracic and thoracolumbar spine, lumbar and lumbosacral spine, and peripheral nerve. Within each section, the opening chapters cover comprehensive discussion of pathology, etiology, and differential diagnosis. Succeeding chapters present step-by-step surgical techniques encompassing anterior, anterolateral, posterior, and posterolateral approaches, separately and in sequence. Minimally invasive techniques and peripheral nerve procedures, including the brachial plexus, lumbosacral plexus, and individual nerves are covered independently, following the same organization.
Clearly delineated indications, contraindications, advantages, and disadvantages provided for each surgery
Operations with same opening and closing technique covered just once, thereby minimizing redundancy
Beautifully illustrated with more than 1,000 images
Video compendium created by master surgeons provides up-close guidance on a wide array of surgical procedures
Ideal for both the busy practitioner seeking review and resident looking for robust study materials
This book is an incomparable learning tool for residents, who will likely read it several times during the course of residency. A precisely edited, didactic atlas, neurosurgeons and orthopaedic surgeons will also find it an invaluable resource.
- (2006; 1st Edition)Atlas of Neurosurgical Techniques. Spine and Peripheral NervesShow details
Here is complete coverage of state-of-the-art surgical techniques for the spine and peripheral nerves. This atlas engages the full range of approaches -- anterior, antero-lateral, posterior, and postero-lateral -- for operations on peripheral nerves and in every area of the spine.
Each of the seven sections of the atlas opens with in-depth discussion of pathology, etiology and differential diagnosis conveying the underlying scientific principles of diseases and conditions of the spine and peripheral nerves. The authors then present technique-oriented chapters containing step-by-step descriptions of surgical procedures. These chapters delineate the goals, indications, contraindications, anesthesia considerations, positions, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each technique in a concise manner, ideal for the busy practitioner seeking review.
Beautifully illustrated with more than 1,200 images, including 811 full-color drawings, this authoritative text covers all of the critical issues involved in surgeries for the spine and peripheral nerves. It will be an invaluable asset to neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons and residents seeking a carefully edited, didactic atlas.
- (2015; 3rd Edition)Biomechanics of Spine StabilizationShow details
Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization, Third Edition, is a comprehensive and highly readable reference that helps spine specialists understand the clinically important biomechanical principles underpinning spinal surgery and instrumentation so that the best clinical decisions can be made for patients. This new edition includes coverage of the latest spine technology that has evolved over the past decade, such as motion preservation technologies and minimally invasive spine surgery.
Single-authored text with the consistent, authoritative voice of world-renowned expert Dr. Benzel
More than 350 new figures and original line drawings help clarify information in the text
Extensive glossary of basic terminology on biomechanics for quick, easy reference
More than 400 review questions at the back of the book for help with exam preparation
This book is an excellent clinical reference for spine surgeons, residents, and fellows in the fields of orthopedic surgery and neurosurgery, neuroradiologists, and engineers working for spine device companies.
- (2007; 1st Edition)Cavernous Malformations of the Brain and Spinal CordShow details
This book presents a comprehensive overview of the basic science and current clinical knowledge on cavernous malformations of the brain and spinal cord. Cavernous Malformations of the Brain and Spinal Cord begins by covering general aspects of the disease, including the natural history, molecular biology, pathological processes, genetic basis, neuroradiology, and classification of cavernous malformations. Separate chapters then address the various types of cavernous malformations, thoroughly describing the clinical presentation and management approaches for each clinical situation. Incisive review of recent literature sheds light on topics of incidence, location, and outcomes.
Clinical insights regarding indications for surgery, surgical techniques, outcomes, and prognostic factors drawn from the authors' extensive experiences
Discussion of treatment of patients with specific disorders, such as epilepsy
Coverage of cavernous malformations as dynamic lesions with descriptions of de novo formation and lesions induced by irradiation
- (2019; 1st Edition)Cervical Trauma: Surgical ManagementShow details
The definitive textbook on the management of cervical spine trauma from master spine surgeons!
Understanding the clinical implications of cervical trauma requires thorough knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the cervical spine. Cervical Trauma: Surgical Management by renowned spine surgeon Robert Heary and a cadre of prominent neurosurgical and orthopaedic spine experts is the most comprehensive, state-of-the-art resource available to date on this topic. The text begins with discussion of cervical anatomy and the pathophysiology of spinal cord injury (SCI), SCI classification systems, initial assessments in patients with cervical SCIs, and cranioskeletal traction, followed by injury-specific chapters.
Classification systems and management protocols developed over the last 40 years have enabled spine surgeons to work collaboratively with specialists in trauma surgery and critical care to provide optimal management of SCIs and attain improved long-term patient outcomes. This book covers a full spectrum of trauma-related conditions impacting the cervical spine and multidisciplinary interventions including minimally invasive surgery, neurointerventional techniques, reconstructive therapy with bone grafts or alternative stabilization methods, evidence-based medications, and SCI rehab.
Discussion of upper cervical injuries – from more prevalent trauma such as atlanto-occipital injuries, odontoid and hangman's fractures, and atlantoaxial subluxations – to uncommon injuries like atlantoaxial rotatory fixation
Management of subaxial injuries in adults and children and cervical burst fractures
Special topics including sport-related cervical spine injuries and return-to-play criteria, craniovertebral injuries in pediatric patients, and managing comorbidities such as congenital spinal stenosis and rheumatoid arthritis
Pearls on handling potential complications and insightful guidance and rationales for choosing surgical interventions over conservative methods and vice versa
Neurosurgical and orthopaedic residents, veteran spine surgeons, and allied healthcare practitioners who treat patients with traumatic cervical spine conditions will benefit from reading this outstanding resource, cover-to-cover. It also provides an ideal go-to reference to consult in the ER when patients present with cervical trauma.
- (2005; 1st Edition)Challenging Cases in Spine SurgeryShow details
With more than 80 complex spine surgery cases and its streamlined case example format, this is an ideal clinical reference for the professional practice. The authors outline the patient presentation, radiologic findings, diagnosis, and treatment, followed by a discussion, to help you quickly master the thinking behind planning complicated spinal procedures.
Organizes cases in an easy-to-follow manner perfect for the busy practitioner and resident.
Covers challenging cases arising from a broad spectrum of causes, including traumatic, inflammatory, neoplastic, infectious, and degenerative.
Includes more than 180 images and illustrations, such as MRI and CT scans, myelograms, angiograms, x-rays, and intraoperative photographs.
Discusses the technologies pertaining to bone morphogenetic protein and percutaneous spine surgery to help the clinician remain at the forefront of the spine field.
Covers surgical treatments of unusual disorders, including Klippel-Feil syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome, dysplasia, arachnoiditis, ankylosing hyperostosis of Forestier and Rotes-Querol, thoracic arteriovenous fistula, and achondroplasia.
This text is a must for orthopedic surgeons, spine fellows, neurosurgeons, neurologists, pain management specialists, and residents seeking the most up-to-date information and the underlying principles in the most demanding cases in spine surgery.
- (2003; 1st Edition)Chordomas and Chondrosarcomas of the Skull Base and SpineShow details
Written by a world-class team of multidisciplinary experts, here is the first definitive reference on these two highly challenging tumors occurring in the skull base and spine. Covering everything from their embryology and pathology, clinical presentation and diagnosis, radiologic appearance, surgical treatment, radiation therapy, and prognosis, it is the most comprehensive book ever written on the topic.
All available information on these tumors packed into a single volume
High-quality illustrations that make anatomy and surgical approach crystal-clear
Contributors include: Albert Rhoton Jr., Harry Van Loveren, Laligam Sekhar, Robert Spetzler, and Chandranath Sen
Includes alternative methods of treatment, ranging from surgery to radiation modalities, with recurrence and outcome assessment
- (2019; 1st Edition)Controversies in NeuroendoscopyShow details
A unique perspective on neuroendoscopic versus microsurgical techniques from world-renowned neurosurgeons
In the last two decades, neuroendoscopy has evolved from a fringe neurosurgical tool to an established subspecialty focusing on the treatment of diverse cranial and spinal diseases. Today, neuroendoscopic technology is widely used to treat supratentorial diseases, skull base pathologies, craniocervical diseases, and spinal pathologies. Despite the expanded use of neuroendoscopy across several subspecialties, its benefits and disadvantages versus those of traditional microsurgical methods remain highly controversial. Contradictory evidence in the neurosurgical literature adds to the surgical decision-making challenges for veteran and novice practitioners alike.
Controversies in Neuroendoscopy by Peter Nakaji and Hasan Zaidi fills an unmet need for a book encompassing best practices, patient selection, and limitations and advantages of neuroendoscopic surgical approaches. Each case presents firsthand knowledge of internationally esteemed neurosurgeons, with a moderator, an endoscopic expert, and an expert in traditional microsurgical approaches. The unique discussion of neuroendoscopy versus microsurgery enables readers to compare the benefits and pitfalls of endoscopic and open microsurgical procedures for a wide range of conditions.
In-depth comparative guidance on applications of the flexible endoscope, rigid endoscope, 3D endoscope, and high-definition 2D endoscope versus the microscope
A full spectrum of neurological conditions across the age continuum with comparative approaches for skull base surgery, pituitary surgery, hydrocephalus, spinal surgery, peripheral nerve surgery, and arachnoid cyst fenestration
Radiological imaging and intraoperative photographs enhance cases and provide precise, insightful technical guidance
High-quality color illustrations from the skilled medical illustrators at Barrow Neurological Institute reinforce key points and surgical techniques
Neurosurgery residents, neurosurgeons, and spine surgeons will all benefit from reading this remarkable book cover to cover, and they will no doubt use it as a go-to resource for specific cases.
- (2011; 1st Edition)Decision Making for Minimally Invasive Spine SurgeryShow details
Ten tightly focused chapters each begin with a decision making algorithm that explains how to ascertain if MISS will benefit the patient more than traditional open surgery. Following each algorithm, concise yet detailed information on the preoperative evaluation, surgical techniques, and possible outcomes helps the reader to formulate a clear surgical strategy. The book closes with an incisive analysis of radiosurgery, instrumentation systems, image guidance, and promising advances in MISS that will stimulate further discussion of this emerging area.
A realistic assessment of both the advantages and drawbacks of MISS by pioneers in the field
Evaluative algorithms allow readers to form rapid, fully informed treatment decisions
Intuitive organization by spinal region facilitates quick reference
- (2015; 2nd Edition)Dynamic Reconstruction of the SpineShow details
Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Second Edition, is the most up-to-date resource on the instrumentation, technologies, and fundamental science integral to achieving spine motion preservation and stabilization. It is a completely revised text that includes not only the latest technologies and surgical approaches, including MIS techniques, but also significantly more detail on the clinical biomechanics of the spine than the previous edition. Readers will appreciate the guidance this book provides on how to: successfully adopt new technology, find appropriate indications, address common safety and efficacy issues, and answer health economics questions for ethics committees and payers.
A substantial revision, with entirely new chapters in three quarters of the book, including a large section on basic as well as more advanced biomechanics topics
Highly visual - contains 20% more figures than the previous edition
Discusses and explains current advances in genetic and molecular technologies used to repair the spinal disc
Includes an unbiased critique of the pro cons, clinical outcomes, and comparative outcomes of different devices
This new edition is an indispensable reference for orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, and radiologists, as well as residents and fellows seeking the latest information on the technologies used in spine motion preservation and stabilization.
- (2006; 1st Edition)Dynamic Reconstruction of the SpineShow details
Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Second Edition, is the most up-to-date, comprehensive resource on the instrumentation, technologies, and fundamental science integral to achieving spine motion preservation and stabilization. It is a completely revised text that covers not only the latest technologies and surgical approaches, including MIS techniques, but also significantly more detail on the clinical biomechanics of the spine than the previous edition. Readers will appreciate the guidance this book provides on how to: successfully adopt new technology, find appropriate indications, address common safety and efficacy issues, and answer health economics questions for ethics committees and payers.Key Features:A substantial revision, with entirely new chapters in three quarters of the book, including a large section on basic as well as more advanced biomechanics topicsHighly visual - contains 20% more figures than the previous editionDiscusses and explains current advances in genetic and molecular technologies used to repair the spinal disc Includes an unbiased critique of the pro cons, clinical outcomes, and comparative outcomes of different devicesThis new edition is an indispensable reference for orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, and radiologists, as well as residents and fellows seeking the latest information on the technologies used in spine motion preservation and stabilization.
- (2011; 1st Edition)Endoscopic Spine ProceduresShow details
Endoscopic Spine Procedurescombines the vast experience of internationally recognized spine surgery experts and provides detailed coverage of operative techniques for the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine.
This book begins with an overview of the principles of percutaneous endoscopic spine surgery followed by a detailed discussion of applied anatomy, surgical approaches and techniques, and potential complications for the different spine regions. Each chapter contains concise, step-by-step descriptions of the procedures enhanced by clearly labeled illustrations.
Bullet-point format enables rapid reference prior to surgery
High-resolution videos -- one for every procedure described in the book -- appear on an accompanying DVD
More than 600 high-quality illustrations prepare readers for surgery, including radiographs, full-color endoscopic views, detailed drawings, and 3-D surgical views
Clinical cases demonstrate how to tell the differences between spine levels and between disease states
This concise technical guide is an essential resource for neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, interventional radiologists, or anyone involved in the care of patients with spine disorders.
- (2018; 2nd Edition)Endoscopic Spine SurgeryShow details
Endoscopic technology has advanced to the point where practitioners can now access, visualize, and treat spine pathologies previously only accessible through open surgical approaches. Endoscopic Spine Surgery 2nd Edition provides a comprehensive background on endoscopic spine surgery and covers an unparalleled number of minimally invasive spine procedures that have revolutionized the spine treatment paradigm. Readers will greatly benefit from many years of expertise and wisdom shared by master spine surgeons Daniel Kim, Gun Choi, Sang-Ho Lee, and Richard Fessler, and their expert contributors.
Due to the narrow endoscopic view, subtle microanatomical differences in the lumbar, thoracic, and cervical regions are not always easy to visually discern. To address this challenge, the book contains detailed procedural descriptions and images mirroring endoscopic views spine surgeons encounter in the OR. Organized anatomically, 53 chapters guide readers systematically through lumbar, thoracic, cervical, and craniocervical junction procedures for pathologies ranging from low back pain and deformities to tumors, lesions, infections, and trauma.
More than 1000 high quality images including color procedural photographs and medical illustrations provide in-depth visual understanding.
Spinal pathologies and procedures delineated in 75 videos accessible via the Media Center - from case studies to step-by-step technique tutorials.
Covers the full spectrum of spine endoscopy including percutaneous approaches, microdiscectomy, laminectomy, discectomy foraminotomy, hemilaminectomy, thoracic decompressions, fusion, fixation, and thoracoscopic procedures.
The use of state-of-the-art technology such as ultrasonic bone dissectors, endoscopic radiofrequency denervation, the video telescope operating monitor (VITOM), minimally invasive tubular retractors, and 3D stereo-tubular endoscopic systems.
Neurosurgical and orthopaedic residents, spine fellows, and seasoned spine surgeons will all greatly benefit from the significant knowledge and insights revealed in this remarkable multimedia resource. This book may also be of interest to neurosurgical and orthopaedic nurses, physical therapists, chiropractors, and medical device professionals.
- (2004; 1st Edition)Endoscopic Spine Surgery and InstrumentationShow details
Minimally invasive spinal surgery has made tremendous strides in the past decade, with advances in instrumentation and techniques rapidly changing the scope of these procedures. Highlighted by nearly 650 high-quality images, this is the first text to comprehensively review the critical aspects and developments in the field. It features in-depth guidelines and approaches for performing cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine surgery; percutaneous procedures; and image-guided and robotic surgery. You will also find key discussions of minimally invasive interbody fusion, thoracic discectomy, trauma stabilization, lumbar decompression, tumor resection, and more.
With contributions from leading surgeons throughout the country, this text provides a solid foundation in minimally invasive spinal techniques. For all neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, and spinal surgeons, it is both a useful tool and an educational resource for integrating these operative methods into practice.
- (2017; 1st Edition)Epiduroscopy: Atlas of ProceduresShow details
Due to advances in spinal endoscopy, practitioners are now able to offer efficacious alternatives to open surgery to patients with low back pain, radiculopathy, and related disorders affecting the epidural space. Epiduroscopy enables surgeons to access, diagnose, and treat discogenic pain and spinal pathologies using minimally invasive techniques via direct visualization and focused intervention. Typically performed as a one-day outpatient procedure under local anesthesia, epiduroscopy provides a viable option to many patients suffering from low back pain.
Starting with the history of this procedure, the authors guide the reader systematically through relevant clinical indications, radiological anatomy, the pathophysiology of spinal pain, diagnostic modalities, and the use of specialized tools. Subsequent chapters detail specific conditions and approaches, histopathologic/microbiological findings, and patient assessment and outcomes.
Clinical pearls gleaned from years of hands-on experience, including preventing and managing complications.
Online access to 46 step-by-step surgical videos and animations provides in-depth understanding of techniques.
Nearly 600 high quality images, including procedural photos and medical illustrations delineate approaches.
The use of epiduroscopy-assisted mechanical adhesiolysis, laser procedures, radiofrequency, analgesic and pharmacological therapy, ozone therapy, spinal cord stimulation, and more.
This is an essential resource for trainee and practicing physicians in the fields of neurosurgery, orthopaedic surgery, pain medicine, and interventional medicine.
- (2012; 1st Edition)Essentials of Spinal Cord Injury. Basic Research to Clinical PracticeShow details
Essentials of Spinal Cord Injury is written for the spinal cord injury (SCI) team and reflects the multidisciplinary nature of treating patients with SCI. It integrates emerging medical and surgical approaches to SCI with neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neuroimaging, neuroplasticity, and cellular transplantation. This comprehensive yet concise reference will enable neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, neurologists, and allied health professionals caring for SCI patients to translate research results into patient care. It is also an excellent resource for those preparing for the board exam in SCI medicine.
Material is cross-referenced to highlight relationships between the different areas of SCI
Chapters are concise, focused, and include key points, pearls, and pitfalls
An Overview of the Literature table is provided in most chapters, giving readers a meaningful distillation of each publication referenced
Each editor is a world-renowned expert in one of these core disciplines involved in the management of SCI patients: neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, spinal cord science, and rehabilitative medicine
This is a must-have guide that all neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, neurologists, and allied health professionals involved in the care of spinal cord injury patients should have on their bookshelf.
- (2018; 1st Edition)Modern Management of Spinal Deformities: A Theoretical, Practical, and Evidence-based TextShow details
Authored by two world-renowned pioneers in the field of spinal surgery, Modern Management of Spinal Deformities: A Theoretical, Practical, and Evidence-Based Text covers the range of spinal deformities-emphasizing scoliosis-and their etiologies, including idiopathic, congenital, neuromuscular, tumors, neurofibromatosis, and more.
All too often in other works, too much attention has been focused on how to put in metalwork, without sufficiently discussing the what, when, and why. Authors Dickson and Harms provide a wealth of knowledge through experience that shows how important newer therapeutic concepts and surgical methods are, such that beyond just preventing the progression of deformity, it is now possible, with correctly performed surgery, to eliminate deformity and straighten spines permanently.
Evidence-based diagnostic and treatment concepts, emphasis on an understanding of the scientific principles providing the basis for good practice
Superbly illustrated with many radiographs, CT images, and drawings
Special newer surgical techniques, such as the anterior approach to the spine
- (2019; 1st Edition)Navigation and Robotics in Spine SurgeryShow details
A unique how-to guide for spine surgeons on state-of-the-art computer-assisted navigation and robotic surgery techniques
The past decade has seen major advances in image-guided spine surgery techniques, with robotically assisted approaches emerging in the last five years. While early adopters of this technology paved the way for more widespread use of navigated and robotic systems, barriers still exist. Navigation and Robotics in Spine Surgery by master spine surgeon Alexander Vaccaro and esteemed co-editors Jaykar Panchmatia, I. David Kaye, and Srinivas Prasad addresses existing issues such as the perception of increased upfront costs, intrusion on current workflow, and a lack of understanding about the potential ways these technologies can enhance the surgical experience and improve patient outcomes.
Organized into six sections, the book starts with evidence-based fundamentals of navigated spine surgery and robotics including discussion of instrumentation and mechanics. Sections 2-5 serve as a surgical handbook for spine surgeons who wish to introduce these technologies into practice or augment their current repertoire with more complex techniques. Topics range from more routine procedures such as navigated and robotic minimally invasive TLIF to complex approaches like intraoperative ultrasound guided intradural spinal tumor resection. The final section looks at future directions and potential new applications for these technologies.
An impressive group of international spine surgeons who pioneered navigation and robotic surgery techniques share invaluable tricks of the trade
Discussion of fluoroscopy- and intraoperative CT-based platforms, applications for intraoperative sonography, and radiation exposure and minimization strategies
Special topics include OR set-up and workflow, surmounting the learning curve, artificial intelligence, and lessons learned from other industries
Procedural videos demonstrate the benefits of computer-assisted navigation and robotic techniques
This book is essential reading for orthopaedic surgery and neurosurgery residents and spine fellows who wish to learn about and incorporate these technologies into practice. Seasoned spine surgeons seeking to expand the scope of their navigated/robotic practice will benefit from chapters detailing advanced approaches.
- (2018; 1st Edition)Neuromuscular Spine Deformity: A Harms Study Group Treatment GuideShow details
While most spine deformities such as scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis are idiopathic, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, spinal cord tumors and lesions are associated with more severe curve progression. Bracing typically does not prevent progression of spinal curves, and surgery is necessary for these patients. Neuromuscular Spine Deformity by Amer F. Samdani et al is the most comprehensive book on this topic to date, detailing the latest surgical techniques for a wide range of common to rare neuromuscular pathologies, in 27 well-illustrated chapters.
The comprehensive content derives from the authors' collective years of hands-on expertise, evidence-based knowledge from the literature, and multicenter scoliosis studies performed by the prestigious Harms Study Group, a worldwide research-based association of spine surgeons. The text begins with discussion of preoperative evaluation, nonoperative management, and surgical considerations such as anesthesia, neuromonitoring, and estimated blood loss. Section two highlights pathology-specific surgical interventions, while sections three and four provide clinical pearls on a wide array of surgical techniques, complications, and patient outcomes.
Disease-related challenges including dislocated hips, hyperlordotic/hyperkyphotic spine in cerebral palsy, myelomeningocele-related myelodysplasia and spine deformity, Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, and spinal muscular atrophy
Guidance on assessing the sagittal profile preoperatively and executing it intraoperatively in patients with spinal cord injury
Multiple options for fixation including the new sacral alar iliac screw approach for sacropelvic fixation and correction of pelvic obliquity
Postoperative issues including ICU management, incidence and management of early and late wound infection, instrumentation failure, junctional kyphosis, and cervical extension
Health-related quality of life outcomes in pediatric patients with cerebral palsy who have undergone scoliosis surgery
This state-of-the-art resource is essential reading for orthopaedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, and trainees in these specialties. It is also a must-have reference for academic programs and institutional departments specializing in pediatric spine pathologies.
- (2014; 1st Edition)Neurosurgery Tricks of the Trade. Spine and Peripheral Nerves.Show details
Neurosurgery Tricks of the Trade: Spine and Peripheral Nerves presents core surgical procedures in a concise, highly didactic format, enabling surgeons to quickly grasp their essence from the bulleted text and superb illustrations that accompany them. Expert neurosurgeons specializing in the spine and peripheral nerves describe how they perform common procedures and offer surgical tips and pearls.
Distills a wealth of information in a concise, step-by-step format, making it easy for neurosurgeons and other spine specialists to review how procedures are performed
Includes more than 100 procedures focusing on the spine and peripheral nerves, each accompanied by high-quality, original illustrations
Presents all procedures using a consistent outline and covers topics in either a pathology-based or an approach-based manner
Surgeons at all levels, from residents learning procedures to experienced practitioners needing a quick refresher, will find this book and its companion volume, Neurosurgery Tricks of the Trade: Cranial, to be invaluable resources throughout their surgical careers.
- (2016; 3rd Edition)Neurosurgical Operative Atlas: Spine and Peripheral NervesShow details
Written by a Who's Who of renowned spine surgeons, the third edition of Neurosurgical Operative Atlas. Spine and Peripheral Nerves. provides a detailed tutorial on the latest surgical procedures. The three comprehensive spine sections cover decompression modalities followed by fusion/instrumentation and fixation. Rounding out these sections are special topics such as vascular malformations in the spinal cord, stereotactic radiosurgery in the thoracic spine, and lumboperitoneal shunting. The peripheral nerves section includes treatment of conditions including carpal tunnel, brachial plexus, meralgia paresthetica, and cervical nerve root avulsion.
Throughout the book, the authors provide minimally invasive options and clinical pearls on patient selection, preoperative preparation, anesthesia, operative positioning, surgical methodologies, patient monitoring, and common complications.
Anterior, posterior, transoral, and lateral approaches to the craniocervical junction, subaxial cervical spine; and operations specific to the cervicothoracic junction
Thoracic spine techniques for burst fractures, vertebral body metastasis, penetrating spine wounds, tumors, etc.
Lumbosacral spine approaches for herniation, degenerative disease with multiplanar deformity, spondylolisthesis, and more
Close to 700 illustrations and color photographs elucidate key concepts
Superb videos demonstrate hands-on techniques
This book is a must-have reference for neurosurgery residents seeking in-depth knowledge of spine and peripheral nerve procedures prior to scheduled cases. It will also benefit veteran neurosurgeons looking for clinical insights on infrequently performed surgeries.
- (2007; 2nd Edition)Neurosurgical Operative Atlas: Spine and Peripheral NervesShow details
This volume, part of the second edition of the classic Neurosurgical Operative Atlas series, presents the latest techniques for managing the full range of spinal and peripheral nerve problems. Each chapter addresses a different surgical procedure, guiding the reader through patient selection, preoperative preparation, anesthetic techniques, patient monitoring, and surgical techniques and outcomes. The authors also discuss common complications and offer tips for how to avoid and manage them. Spine and Peripheral Nerves is ideal for residents to study and for established surgeons seeking a quick refresher in preparation for surgery. Neurosurgeons, orthopedists, and plastic surgeons will benefit from the wealth of information provided in this up-to-date clinical reference.
Renowned experts in the field share their clinical insights and extensive experience
Concise, step-by-step descriptions enable the reader to rapidly review techniques
More than 750 illustrations and images demonstrate key concepts
Organized by anatomical location to aid quick reference
The American Association of Neurological Surgeons and Thieme have collaborated to produce the second edition of the acclaimed Neurosurgical Operative Atlas series. Edited by leading experts in the field, the series covers the entire spectrum of neurosurgery in five volumes. In addition to Spine and Peripheral Nerves, the series also features:
- (2018; 2nd Edition)Neurotrauma and Critical Care of the SpineShow details
Neurotrauma and Critical Care of the Spine, 2nd edition, by a distinguished critical care neurosurgeon, Jack Jallo, and a renowned spine surgeon, Alexander Vaccaro, incorporates salient components of the highly praised first edition. The updated text reflects cutting-edge discussion on spine injury management in a neurocritical care setting. Contributions from top experts in neurosurgery, orthopaedic surgery, neurology, critical care, cardiac and pulmonary care, and trauma surgery infuse this book with a well-rounded perspective.
From the pre-hospital to intensive care setting, this unique reference provides a comprehensive, yet concise approach to the treatment of acute spinal cord injury and management of patients with chronic SCI. Chapters new to this edition include neurological assessment of spinal injury, clearing the cervical spine, management of concurrent TBI and spinal injury, blood pressure and oxygen management, temperature management, fluids and osmotherapy, pharmacology, autonomic dysreflexia, infection after SCI, and emerging therapies.
Evaluation and management of SCI in the athlete including different injury syndromes and the latest recommendations for "return to play" in less severe cases
Management of pediatric spinal injuries in the NICU with illustrative cases
Specialized topics include a comprehensive review of SCI pharmacology, recent medical advances, socioeconomic and quality-of-life considerations
Nearly 100 high quality illustrations facilitate understanding of complex anatomy and techniques
Summary tables provide a handy overview of injury type, causes, characteristics, and recommended imaging modalities
The definitive guide on the management of cervical, cervicothoracic, and thoracolumbar injuries, this is essential reading for neurosurgeons, orthopaedic surgeons, trauma and emergency specialists, and residents in these specialties. Paired with Neurotrauma and Critical Care of the Brain, 2nd edition, this dynamic duo is the most up-to-date neurocritical care reference available today.
- (2008; 1st Edition)Neurotrauma and Critical Care of the SpineShow details
In Neurotrauma and Critical Care of the Spine, provides a concise review of the current surgical interventions and medical treatments for patients with traumatic spine injuries. Experts in the fields of neurosurgery and orthopedic surgery lead clinicians through each stage of patient care, from prehospital care to initial assessment to diagnostic work up and finally through operative and nonoperative treatments. The book places special emphasis on critical care of the patient and provides insight into future techniques for management.
Review of fundamental science concepts, including pathophysiology, spinal cord regeneration, and the biomechanics of the spine
Guidelines for selecting appropriate imaging modalities and administering diagnostic tests, such as electrophysiological studies
Thorough descriptions of preoperative evaluation and medical optimization of the patient
Chapters covering such important topics as pediatric management, multidisciplinary approaches to rehabilitation and recovery, socioeconomic issues, and ethical issues
Summary tables that synthesize the literature and provide an overview of treatment options
More than 130 high-quality illustrations demonstrating key concepts
Guiding clinicians from assessment through rehabilitation, this book presents a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach that will enable neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, trauma and emergency specialists, and residents in these specialties to optimize patient care.
- (2015; 2nd Edition)Neurovascular SurgeryShow details
The complex, highly technological field of neurovascular surgery is quickly expanding, encompassing traditional surgical approaches, as well as endovascular and neurointerventional techniques. The last decade has seen increased cross-specialty interest in utilizing minimally invasive techniques to help prevent and treat cerebrovascular disease. Concurrently, there has been important research analyzing the efficacy of surgical methods versus endovascular approaches and the clip versus coil discussion is covered herein.
Written by 21st Century pioneers in the field, this second, cutting-edge edition offers the latest science throughout 1,400 pages and a remarkable video library covering anatomy, diagnosis, epidemiology, history, treatment indications, technical nuances, outcomes, and complications. Internationally renowned experts from across the globe share clinical pearls and best practices,from the research lab to the ER to the OR.
Medical, surgical, endovascular, cerebral revascularization, bypass surgery, radiation therapy, and other procedures are covered in depth. Evidence-based and transdisciplinary, the second edition covers the full spectrum of neurovascular pathologies,preoperatively and postoperatively,including:
Ischemic Stroke and Vascular Insufficiency
Cerebral and Spinal Aneurysms
Cerebral and Spinal Arteriovenous Fistulae and Malformations
Carotid Artery Disease
Organized into 11 primary sections, 99 richly illustrated chapters, and more than 140 videos, this volume is an invaluable, one-stop reference tool. It is a must-have for general, vascular and endovascular neurosurgeons; interventional radiologists; neurologists; critical care practitioners; and neuro-rehabilitation specialists.
- (2016; 2nd Edition)Physical Examination of the SpineShow details
From the authors of the bestselling Spine Surgery: Tricks of the Trade, here is the concise "how-to" guide on conducting diagnostic spine exams. The text begins with a thorough review of the fundamentals, including basic anatomy and neurology, and goes on to systematically outline tests for the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine. It is an ideal resource for both beginners and practicing physicians.
Nearly 200 line drawings that illustrate motor, sensory, reflex, and range-of-motion exams
Includes special tests for scoliosis and other spine disorders to expand your scope of diagnostic procedures
Succinct and easy-to-understand descriptions for easy mastery of concepts
Well-organized by cervical, thoracic, and lumbosacral sections to streamline localization of specific exams
This straightforward pictorial aid is the perfect companion for spine surgeons, orthopedists, chiropractors, and neurosurgeons, as well as an ideal orientation for residents. From critical anatomy to step-by-step instructional guidelines, it will enhance your examination skills and refresh your understanding of the frequently performed spinal test.
- (2019; 1st Edition)Sagittal Balance of the Spine: From Normal to Pathology: A Key for Treatment StrategyShow details
Unique resource from internationally renowned experts details the key role of sagittal spine balance
Through evolution, human verticality became associated with a wide range of normal pelvic shapes and associated pelvic incidence angles (PIs). While all types of sagittal alignment generally provide adequate support to young adults, age, stress, and related degeneration can progressively lead to sagittal imbalance and contribute to various spinal pathologies.
Sagittal Balance of the Spine by Pierre Roussouly, João Luiz Pinheiro-Franco, Hubert Labelle, Martin Gehrchen, and a cadre of esteemed international contributors focuses on the importance of sagittal alignment and spino-pelvic shape identification in clinical practice. Offering the most comprehensive text on sagittal balance to date, this state-of-the-art, richly illustrated book fills a void in the literature, offering clinical pearls throughout seven sections and 24 chapters.
The biomechanics of sagittal balance including spine modeling, primary parameters, spinal curves segmentation, and lumbar lordosis classification
The role of sagittal balance in low back pain and degeneration, with discussion of spinal orientation and the contact forces theory, spinal degeneration associated with spinopelvic morphotypes, and compensatory mechanisms
Comprehensive analysis of the relationship between sagittal imbalance and isthmic lysis spondylolisthesis, degenerative spondylolisthesis, Scheuermann's kyphosis, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and adult scoliosis
Posterior and anterior treatment approaches – from spinal fixation and spinal fusion – to spinal osteotomy techniques and management of surgical failure
This text is essential reading for every neurosurgical and orthopaedic resident, as well as veteran surgeons who evaluate and treat patients with spine conditions. Clinicians will learn why incorporating sagittal balance evaluations into spinal exams is integral to devising more effective treatment strategies and achieving improved outcomes.
- (2006; 1st Edition)Spinal Cord and Spinal Column TumorsShow details
This text covers the state-of-the-art techniques for diagnosing and managing tumors of the spine and spinal cord. From the fundamentals of spinal cord anatomy and the pathology of spinal tumors, to the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment techniques for specific spinal tumors, this is the only comprehensive text devoted to managing tumors both surgically and non-surgically. You'll find the latest information on surgical approaches for resection, reconstruction, decompression, and internal stabilization for tumors of the spine, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. The book also covers such treatments as systemic and intrathecal chemotherapy, embolization techniques, external beam radiation therapy, brachytherapy, and stereotactic radiosurgery.
More than 700 high quality illustrations, including 369 in brilliant four color, illuminate concepts in pathology and surgical technique
Full review of the basic science of tumors of the spinal cord and nerves aids the comprehension of pathology and indications for treatment
Step-by-step instruction guides the clinician through operative approaches, including decompression of tumors, en bloc resection of primary spinal tumors, reconstruction of the spine, spinal fixation and more
Discussion of the current algorithm techniques to manage metastatic spinal disease
- (2014; 2nd Edition)Spinal Deformities. The EssentialsShow details
Spinal Deformities: The Essentials, Second Edition presents a detailed overview of current key principles and practices involved in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with spinal deformities. Each chapter of this introductory text begins with The Essentials, a bulleted list that summarizes the most important concepts presented, providing busy surgeons, residents, and fellows with a quick refresher before surgery.
Seven new chapters: Measuring Value in Spinal Deformity Care; Intraoperative Neuromonitoring in Spinal Deformity Surgery; Anatomy with an Emphasis on Alignment; The Importance of the Sacrum and Pelvis in Deformity Evaluation and Treatment; Early Onset Scoliosis; Lateral Interbody Fusion Approaches in Spinal Deformity; and Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) for Adult Deformities
All chapters cover classification, patient evaluation, radiographic assessment, indication, treatment options, and complications
Straightforward explanations of the basic as well as the latest advanced modalities and surgical strategies
Written by leading experts in spine surgery, this text will be an invaluable reference for all orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, residents, and fellows involved in the care of patients with spinal deformities.
- (2017; 2nd Edition)Spinal Instrumentation: Challenges and SolutionsShow details
In the last two decades, spine instrumentation and surgery have undergone many improvements. The second edition benefits from contributions by renowned orthopaedic surgeons and neurosurgeons who helped create and refine the systems described in the book, and devoted their careers to educating next generations of spine surgeons.
Advancements in instrumentation - plates, cages, rods, screws, disc replacements, spacers, and fusion devices - have led to improved outcomes for patients. The spinal device field has grown exponentially, and surgeons are faced with an increasingly diverse choice of instrumentation options. While the first edition categorized available systems, the new edition is focused on helping clinicians avoid complications and quickly recognize and manage complications when they do occur.
A concise yet comprehensive reference that educates clinicians on the causes, recognition, and avoidance of instrumentation complications
Organized by anatomical region and condition, the visualization of relevant anatomical landmarks is discussed in context with safe use of spinal instrumentation
Now four-color, with more than 230 new and original illustrations
Easy-to-digest text helps translate classroom knowledge into clinical application
This up-to-date book will help orthopaedic surgeons and neurosurgeons learn how to utilize spinal devices more efficaciously and safely. The text is also an excellent reference for radiologists, spine fellows and residents, and physician extenders who are interested in attaining knowledge and experience in spinal instrumentation.
- (2005; 1st Edition)Spinal Instrumentation. Surgical TechniquesShow details
Better understanding of biomechanics, improvements in technology, and new knowledge of the disease process in the spine have led to rapid advances in spinal instrumentation. This book is your complete guide to all contemporary forms of spinal implant systems. It not only highlights the newest devices, but also gives you the clinical guidelines you need to choose and apply the best implant for any surgical situation.
Along with an all-inclusive list of the spinal instruments available today, the book offers direct comparisons of each system to help you make an informed and confident selection. You will also find valuable tips on insertion techniques and complication avoidance to maximize success in the operating room. And, thousands of exquisite graphics ensure a lucid understanding of all implants and their applications.
Here is your single authoritative source for upgrading your knowledge and skill set in current implant systems. No spine surgeon, orthopedic surgeon, neurosurgeon, or resident should be without this encyclopedic volume.
- (2019; 1st Edition)Spine Essentials Handbook: A Bulleted Review of Anatomy, Evaluation, Imaging, Tests, and ProceduresShow details
The management of patients with spinal conditions involves a team-based approach, with professionals and trainees contributing through their respective roles. As such, medical trainees need resources that enable them to quickly and adeptly learn spine "basics," such as performing spinal examinations. This handbook is a concise, compact guide on key principles of spine surgical knowledge — from the atlanto-occipital joint to the coccyx. It provides both professionals and medical trainees with user-friendly, insightful text gleaned from the hands-on insights of seasoned spinal surgeons.
Core fundamentals cover spine anatomy, clinical evaluations, spine imaging, diagnostic spine tests, and select spine procedures. Common surgical approaches are delineated in succinct bulleted text, accompanied by case studies and radiographic pathology. This format is conducive to learning and provides an ideal spine surgery review for medical students, postgraduate trainees participating in spine rotations, and residents.
The only book on spinal pathology and management created with contributions from medical students and residents
High-impact citations and questions at the end of each chapter highlight key topics
Detailed drawings, diagrams, radiographic images, and MRIs elucidate and expand upon chapter topics
Tables provide a quick reference, with concise information including impacted anatomy, nerves, and procedural maneuvers utilized in exams
Spine Essentials Handbook: A Bulleted Review of Anatomy, Evaluation, Imaging, Tests, and Procedures is a must-have resource for orthopaedic and neurosurgery residents and medical students. It will also benefit physiatrists, spine practitioners, orthopaedic and neurosurgical trainees and nurses, and chiropractors.
- (2015; 2nd Edition)Spine RadiosurgeryShow details
Spine Radiosurgery, Second Edition , is a comprehensive text that includes discussions of the latest devices, treatment planning techniques, target definition, and patient selection in this specialty. Written by leading experts in the fields of neurosurgery, radiation oncology, and medical physics, this book is the definitive reference for clinical applications of state-of-the-art radiosurgery of the spine.
Six new chapters on such topics as histopathological examination of spinal lesions, minimally invasive techniques, and treatment of spinal chordomas
More than 100 full-color illustrations demonstrate key concepts
Discussion of new treatments for metastatic spine disease and spinal cord compression
This book is a must-have resource for clinicians, fellows, and residents in neurosurgery and radiation oncology. Spine surgeons, orthopaedists, medical physicists, and oncologists at all levels will also benefit from the wealth of information provided.
- (2015; 1st Edition)Spine RadiosurgeryShow details
Spine Radiosurgery, is a comprehensive text that includes discussions of the latest devices, treatment planning techniques, target definition, and patient selection in this specialty. Written by leading experts in the fields of neurosurgery, radiation oncology, and medical physics, this book is the definitive reference for clinical applications of state-of-the-art radiosurgery of the spine.
Six new chapters on such topics as histopathological examination of spinal lesions, minimally invasive techniques, and treatment of spinal chordomas
More than 100 full-color illustrations demonstrate key concepts
Discussion of new treatments for metastatic spine disease and spinal cord compression
This book is a must-have resource for clinicians, fellows, and residents in neurosurgery and radiation oncology. Spine surgeons, orthopaedists, medical physicists, and oncologists at all levels will also benefit from the wealth of information provided.
- (2019; 1st Edition)Spine Surgery in an Aging PopulationShow details
An invaluable primer on the surgical and nonsurgical treatment of aging patients with spine conditions
The growing population of people aged 65 and older has significant implications for health care systems and spine care providers. Older patients today demand interventions that enable them to return to a functional lifestyle. Treatment of degenerative spine disease in aging adults requires in-depth understanding of changes in physiology, biomechanics, function, and modifiable risk factors. Equally important, providers need to listen to patients, diagnose thoughtfully, learn about the person's goals, and teach them in plain language about the risks, alternatives, and expectations of treatment options. This foundation is critical to developing informed patient-centered treatment plans to improve outcomes.
Spine Surgery in an Aging Population by Nathaniel Brooks, Andrea Strayer, and a cadre of global contributors reflects a rich array of expertise. With multidisciplinary contributions from renowned specialists in neurosurgery, orthopaedic surgery, geriatrics, and rehabilitation, the book provides invaluable insights on caring for aging adults with degenerative spine disease. Throughout 21 chapters, readers are provided with key concepts, expert knowledge, and effective management strategies to avoid complications and improve outcomes for older adult spine patients.
Diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis to help prevent fractures and optimize treatment approaches prior to elective surgery
Management of common pathologies of the aging spine such as cervical spondylosis, lumbar stenosis, spondylolisthesis, degenerative scoliosis and trauma
Special topics include value-based care, nonsurgical management of spinal pain, vertebral augmentation, minimally invasive surgery, and instrumentation considerations
This one-stop compendium is essential reading for orthopaedic and neurosurgical residents and fellows, as well as veteran surgeons and allied health providers who care for older adults with spine conditions.
- (2012; 2nd Edition)Surgery of the Craniovertebral JunctionShow details
The craniovertebral junction, with a significant range of pathologies and anatomical complexities, continues to be a challenging area for surgeons. This new edition of Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction focuses on surgical decision making and technological advances in the treatment modalities for this region. Written and edited by senior surgeons at University Hospitals Case Medical Center in Cleveland, Ohio, and the world-renowned Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix, Arizona, this is a comprehensive text that spine and skull base surgeons will refer to often. A content-rich, interactive DVD containing cadaveric dissections, animations of surgical approaches and techniques, and a selection of short, narrated cases, is included with the book.
Contains new chapters on stereotactic radiosurgery, endovascular surgery, and endoscopic skull base techniques, ensuring that surgeons stay current
Includes an interactive DVD with high-quality, compelling videos on anatomy and surgical methods, providing readers with visuals to aid in interpretation of the text
Reflects the technological advances and innovative treatment modalities that have improved patient safety and efficacy rates for surgery involving this highly complex area
Covers both open and minimally invasive surgical methods, enabling surgeons to hone their skills in both areas
Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction, Second Edition is the surgical resource every spine and skull base surgeon should have on their bookshelf.
- (1999; 1st Edition)Surgery of the Lumbar SpineShow details
Written by two of the most distinguished leaders in modern spine surgery, this book provides "everything you need to know" regarding surgery of the lumbar spine. Throughout, you will find an emphasis on incorporating biomechanics into clinical decision-making, with detailed coverage of anatomy and pathology, fusion principles, and surgical approaches. Lumbar spine-specific pathology is addressed from an anatomical, clinical, and therapeutic point of view.
Plus, you will benefit from the authors' frank discussions of techniques, complications, and surgical "pearls". The numerous high-quality drawings aid the discussion in providing a thorough understanding of the surgical procedures used in the lumbar spine. Surgery of the Lumbar Spineis an invaluable book for resident and experienced surgeon alike.
Provides a comprehensive view of lumbar-spine pathology and treatment
Straight talk from experienced surgeons on techniques and complications
A unique approach to clinical decision making that stresses biomechanics
Hundreds of clear photographs and descriptive surgical drawings